When bats are not feeding or traveling, they sleep to save energy. If you are lucky enough to see a sleeping bat in a tree or a cave or an abandoned building, the bat will undoubtedly be roosting upside down, hanging by its very strong feet.  Hanging this way allows the bat to let go with its toes, drop down, let gravity help it pick up speed, and fly away easily when awakened or threatened. 

There is only one type of spider that carries its babies on its back--the wolf spider. And that's what I found in my garden the other day! Creepy!

Seahorses are found in temperate and tropical ocean waters. They are not very good swimmers, having only a dorsal fin on their backs to move about. It takes a seahorse about an hour to move five feet! Instead of swimming, they prefer to hang out in beds of sea grass or coral, where they can hitch their curved, prehensile tails, and feed on tiny animals and crustaceans that come to them on the ocean currents. Seahorses are also constantly grazing for food, not because they are greedy, but because they have no stomach and food passes through them very swiftly.

Clouds consist of a combination of water particles and tiny ice crystals and some dust.  The particles and crystals that make up the clouds scatter light going through them.  That's the reason for a cloud’s white color.

When the cloud becomes more saturated, or filled with a lot more particles, light does not always make it through the cloud. Because of this, the cloud then appears to be a gray color.  Look up in the sky. Do you see different shades of white and gray clouds?  That's because one cloud may contain more particles (be more saturated) than another! 

 Lie on your back and look up in the sky--what do you see? One of the most beautiful and sometimes dramatic views on earth...clouds. Each cloud is so unique and individual that it is often difficult to describe the scene of white frosted mountains that you see each time you cast your eyes skyward.

Seahorses and sea dragons, along with pipehorses and pipefish, may look a bit strange and act a little unfish-like, but, yes, they are all classified as fish. Like other fish species, seahorses are cold-blooded, finned, aquatic vertebrates (have a backbone), and breathe by passing oxygen-filled water over their gills.

During the spring and summer leaves are busy making food using an amazing chemical called chlorophyll, which gives the leaves their green color. This chlorophyll absorbs energy from sunlight and changes  carbon dioxide and water to carbohydrates, such as sugars and starch. Trees and other plants use these sugars and starches to grow. In the leaves, along with the green pigment from the chlorophyll, are yellow and orange pigments.

It's not actually the pelican's beak that holds water and food, but the flexible pouch beneath it. Pelicans use this pouch to capture both water and prey. Once the pouch is full, the pelican drains it and consumes the marine food that remains. How much this pouch holds depends on the type of pelican. The pouches of brown pelicans (native to N. America) and white pelicans (Central America) hold up to 3 gallons or 11.4 liters of water (according to the Smithsonian Natl Zoological Park).

A bubble, like a balloon, is made of a very thin skin surrounding a pocket of air. The rubber skin of the balloon is elastic and stretches when you blow it up. If you let the mouthpiece of the balloon go free, the rubber skin squeezes the air out of the balloon and it makes funny noises and deflates as it flies crazily around the room. The same thing happens to a bubble if you start blowing air into it and then stop.  The liquid soapy skin of the bubble is stretchy,  and like a balloon it pushes the air out of the bubble, leaving a flat circle of soap in the bubble wand.

Have you ever watched rain drops run down the window? When one drop meets another drop, they almost jump together to form a bigger drop. Water, like other substances, is made up of smaller particles called molecules. These molecules are made of atoms. Each water molecule has two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen atom -- H-2-O. The extraordinary stickiness of water is due to the two hydrogen atoms, which are arranged on one side of the molecule being attracted to the oxygen atoms of other nearby water molecules. This sticky state is called hydrogen bonding.

The banana spider  or golden silk orb weaver (found in Florida and the Carolinas)  is the largest non-tarantula North American spider species. Males grow to only a half inch long, but the colorful females grow over 3 inches in length! Its web can be over 6 feet in diameter, and the sun-splashed golden strands often attract bees to their doom. Mosquitoes, flies, grasshoppers, wasps, moths, and other insects also stick to and are entangled in this tacky trap! Think of banana spiders as natural pest control--warriors in a web awaiting their prey. 

An average honey bee hive may contain about 40,000 to 50,000 bees. Most of them are females! Of all these females, there is only one queen...and she rules! Then there are about 10,000 to 50,000 worker bees who have different jobs to perform. Some worker bees nurse the queen and her eggs. They also clean the wax cells and feed the larvae honey and pollen.  Other worker bees forage in the fields for flowers and bring back pollen and nectar. A female honey bee's job can change as she grows older. The only male bees in the hive are called drones.